School of Modern Technology: European Technology-Based Curriculum in Health Sciences
Project Number: 2020-1-TR01-KA203-093898
Organization: Hacettepe University
Partners: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Belgium, Universita Degli Studi Di Perugia Italy, Chosun University South Corea, International Continence Society ICS United Kingdom.
Start Date: 30-Dec-2020
End Date: 30- Dec-2022
The School of Modern Technology works to deliver gold standard educational resources and project proposals in Modern Technology to ICS members and European professionals through e-Learning and work placements at international center of excellence. The School will increase the adaption of modern technology to functional urologic surgeries. World Health Organization identified “Health Technology” as the application of organized knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of lives. However, we know that education has been commonly based on the Halstedian methodology of “see one, do one, teach one”. This methodology depends on volume as well as access to patients to work. The field of surgery covers a wide range of procedures, and teaching/learning with the Halstedian model is a challenge. Contemporary surgeons are keen on to learn various surgical techniques including open, endoscopic and laparoscopic/robotic surgeries. It is obvious that non-invasive techniques are more frequently preferred by surgeons and patients. Traditional medical training curriculum, residency program, residency work hour restrictions and the public focus on improved patient safety result in the learning needs of trainees looking forward to the legal and ethical imperatives of patient safety.
These learning and educational limitations provide a framework for the importance and necessity of training using simulation, 3D medical applications (VR and AR), printed medical models. Training for technical skills may increase manual dexterity, but training for situational awareness, decision making, communication, and teamwork is highly important. The development of valid 3D Medical applications and models will eventually play a role in the certification/re-certification of medical students and residents. The development of 3D Medical applications will also provide a novel training modality for continuing medical education (CME). Simulation and 3D medical applications will never be able to replace clinical experience and hands-on training; however, current simulation models may decrease the initial stages of the learning curve without compromising patient safety.
The role of 3D medical modeling in surgical field is growing. Functional urology, including pelvic surgeries and surgical anatomy is suitable to having simulation take an important educational role by nature of the competencies required. 3D printing is the development of 3D objects via an additive process in which successive layers of material are applied under computer control. 3D printing has existed more than a decade in the medical era, but, its use was limited mostly to dentistry and orthopedics. This issue triggered our project related to working on solid organs like prostate, bladder, pelvic muscles, uterus, rectum models. However, as printers and software become available, there is a tend to increase in the use of 3D printing in medicine. The applications of 3D technology in the medical arena are unlimited, and improving timely. It is possible for surgeons to produce facsimiles of their patients’ body parts that need to be removed or replaced. With 3D printing, it may soon be possible to make a body part from inert materials in just a few hours. One of the target of this project is to produce novel 3D surgical printed models, simulation applications that are adequate for target group who are medical students, residents in urology /gynecology and specialist as healthcare professionals in pelvic surgery.
It is necessary to obtain novel training modalities in medical education because of the limitations of cadaveric learning and limitation of education on living organisms. Traditional surgical training has many draw backs as residency work hour restrictions, patient safety conflicts in the learning needs and lack of hands on workshops. These educational limitations provide a framework for the importance and necessity of training using simulation, 3D medical applications (VR and AR), printed models in medical field. The development of 3D Medical applications will also provide a novel training modality for continuing medical education (CME). Simulation and 3D medical applications will never be able to replace clinical experience and hands-on training; however, current simulation models may decrease the initial stages of the learning curve without compromising patient safety.
OBJECTIVES and OUTCOMES:
The targets of this project is to produce novel 3D medical models and innovative applications by using novel worldwide technologies for lifelong medical training, set up the education, technology based school under umbrella of International Continence Society, grow up in Europe and increase awareness of 3D technology in medical education, surgical planning, patient education with interdisciplinary fashion. The creation of Simulation-Based
The Outcomes are: production of patient-specific CT-reconstructed 3D printed models and cadaveric surgical models with using patient/cadaver radiological data, creation of VR/AR models with using the same 3D modeling scans and standardization, establishment appropriate syllabus and evaluation forms for students and trainees, web-based training (E-learning) module and evaluation of training sessions. There are many surgical procedures on functional urological surgery and pelvic surgery, however, we will chose the basic procedures for training purposes to mimic real surgery to reach standard models and syllabus. Comparison of the training sessions between 3D printed/VR /AR and cadaveric (standard case) models will provide the objective results on educational values of novel technologies on surgery.